node-red-contrib-ui-heatmap 2.1.3

A Node Red node to show a heat map

npm install node-red-contrib-ui-heatmap

A Node Red node to show a heat map (based on the heatmap.js library).

Install

Run the following npm command in your Node-RED user directory (typically ~/.node-red):

npm install node-red-contrib-ui-heatmap

CAUTION: Version 2.0.0 contains a breaking change!!! After upgrading from an older version to version 2.0.0 (or above), you will get following error:

Flow

To solve this, you will need to remove your old heatmap nodes in the flow and replace them by new heatmap nodes. Or if you are an experienced user, you can replace the node type 'heat-map' by 'ui_heat_map' in your flow JSON file.

Node Usage

A heatmap (or temperature map) is a graphical representation of data, where the input values (contained in a matrix) are represented as colors. Low numeric input numbers will be represented in the heatmap as blue, while high numeric numbers will be represented as red. All other numbers in between will be represented by intermediate colors.

All the flows from this page are also available via the menu in the Node-RED flow editor (Import->Examples->Ui heatmap).

Example flow

In the following example flow an array of 200 random values will be calculated, and those values will be visualised in a heatmap of 20x10 size:

Flow

[{"id":"948d15ed.a58878","type":"function","z":"5a89baed.89e9c4","name":"Generate random matrix","func":"// Generate some random data\n// See https://www.patrick-wied.at/static/heatmapjs/example-minimal-config.html\nvar len = 200;\n\nmsg.payload = [];\n\nwhile (len--) {\n  var value = Math.floor(Math.random()*100);\n  msg.payload.push(value);\n}\n\nreturn msg;","outputs":1,"noerr":0,"x":600,"y":2340,"wires":[["a9e0a477.fdca68"]]},{"id":"cac56ba6.c46e18","type":"inject","z":"5a89baed.89e9c4","name":"Show heatmap","topic":"","payload":"","payloadType":"date","repeat":"","crontab":"","once":true,"onceDelay":0.1,"x":370,"y":2340,"wires":[["948d15ed.a58878"]]},{"id":"a9e0a477.fdca68","type":"ui_heat_map","z":"5a89baed.89e9c4","group":"2e442781.0c5608","order":0,"width":"6","height":"5","name":"","rows":"20","columns":"10","minMax":false,"minimumValue":0,"maximumValue":0,"backgroundType":"color","backgroundColor":"#ffffff","radius":40,"opacity":0.6,"blur":0.85,"showValues":false,"gridType":"none","valuesDecimals":0,"showLegend":false,"legendType":"none","legendDecimals":0,"legendCount":2,"x":820,"y":2340,"wires":[]},{"id":"2e442781.0c5608","type":"ui_group","z":"","name":"Default","tab":"4779176.99cd2e8","disp":true,"width":"6","collapse":false},{"id":"4779176.99cd2e8","type":"ui_tab","z":"","name":"Home","icon":"dashboard","disabled":false,"hidden":false}]

The resulting heatmap will be updated every second by the inject node:

Result

Input matrix

The matrix of input numbers needs to be specified in msg.payload as an array. The length of the array should always be equal to the number of grid cells, i.e. equal to rows x columns. The input array can be specified in multiple formats:

  • An array of numbers (like e.g. [ 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, ... ]), which will be drawn from left to right and from top to bottom:

    Sequence

     [{"id":"6ab823cc.efc3fc","type":"function","z":"5a89baed.89e9c4","name":"Generate ascending matrix","func":"// Generate some random data\n// See https://www.patrick-wied.at/static/heatmapjs/example-minimal-config.html\nmsg.payload = [];\n\nfor (var i = 0; i < 49; i++) {\n    msg.payload.push(i);\n}\n\nreturn msg;","outputs":1,"noerr":0,"x":500,"y":1820,"wires":[["8dd1a0f5.7e69e"]]},{"id":"7f7768.95c9b898","type":"inject","z":"5a89baed.89e9c4","name":"Show heatmap","topic":"","payload":"","payloadType":"date","repeat":"","crontab":"","once":true,"onceDelay":0.1,"x":260,"y":1820,"wires":[["6ab823cc.efc3fc"]]},{"id":"8dd1a0f5.7e69e","type":"ui_heat_map","z":"5a89baed.89e9c4","group":"143de3c.3c1901c","order":0,"width":"6","height":"5","name":"","rows":"7","columns":"7","minMax":false,"minimumValue":0,"maximumValue":0,"backgroundType":"image","backgroundColor":"#ff80c0","radius":40,"opacity":"0","blur":0.85,"showValues":false,"gridType":"vals","valuesDecimals":0,"showLegend":false,"legendType":"none","legendDecimals":0,"legendCount":2,"x":720,"y":1820,"wires":[]},{"id":"143de3c.3c1901c","type":"ui_group","z":"","name":"Heatmap","tab":"4e49ccae.5e3364","disp":true,"width":"6","collapse":false},{"id":"4e49ccae.5e3364","type":"ui_tab","z":"","name":"Heatmap","icon":"dashboard","disabled":false,"hidden":false}]
    
  • An array of key/value pairs (like e.g. [ { key0: 0 }, { key1: 1}, { key2: 2}, { key3: 3}, ... ]) where the values need to be numbers. And every array element (object) is only allowed to have a single key/value pair, so e.g. [ { key0: 0, key1: 1}, ... } is not allowed.

  • An array which contains a mix of numbers and key/value pairs (like e.g. [ { key0: 0 }, 1, 2, { key3: 3}, ... ]).

     [{"id":"24236b6b.9ffc64","type":"function","z":"5a89baed.89e9c4","name":"Mix of values and key-value pairs","func":"// Generate some random data\n// See https://www.patrick-wied.at/static/heatmapjs/example-minimal-config.html\nmsg.payload = [];\n\nfor (var i = 0; i < 49; i++) {\n    var value = Math.floor(Math.random()*100);\n    if (i % 2 === 0) {\n        var pair = {};\n        pair['key' + i] = value;\n        msg.payload.push(pair);\n    }\n    else {\n        msg.payload.push(value);\n    }\n}\n\nreturn msg;","outputs":1,"noerr":0,"x":520,"y":1700,"wires":[["fe91d79b.3b9be8"]]},{"id":"4372ce10.a3309","type":"inject","z":"5a89baed.89e9c4","name":"Show heatmap","topic":"","payload":"","payloadType":"date","repeat":"","crontab":"","once":true,"onceDelay":0.1,"x":260,"y":1700,"wires":[["24236b6b.9ffc64"]]},{"id":"fe91d79b.3b9be8","type":"ui_heat_map","z":"5a89baed.89e9c4","group":"143de3c.3c1901c","order":0,"width":"6","height":"5","name":"","rows":"7","columns":"7","minMax":false,"minimumValue":0,"maximumValue":0,"backgroundType":"image","backgroundColor":"#ff80c0","radius":40,"opacity":"0","blur":0.85,"showValues":false,"gridType":"keys","valuesDecimals":0,"showLegend":false,"legendType":"vals","legendDecimals":0,"legendCount":2,"x":760,"y":1700,"wires":[]},{"id":"143de3c.3c1901c","type":"ui_group","z":"","name":"Heatmap","tab":"4e49ccae.5e3364","disp":true,"width":"6","collapse":false},{"id":"4e49ccae.5e3364","type":"ui_tab","z":"","name":"Heatmap","icon":"dashboard","disabled":false,"hidden":false}]
    

Troubleshooting

If no heatmap is being drawn, you might check the following:

  • Make sure you have injected a matrix of values. When no values have been injected, nothing can be drawn...
  • Check the Node-RED log whether there are validation errors about the content of the input matrix.
  • Finally you can check the browser log for exceptions.

Node configuration

Grid size (rows & columns)

Define the number of rows and columns, i.e. the size of the matrix that will contain all the individual numeric values (which will be represented visually as colors in the heatmap).

CAUTION: the product of rows columns should equal to the length of the input array!*
In other words, you need to specify a numeric value for 'every' cell in the result matrix.

Specify minimum and maximum value

The minimum value will be represented as blue, while the maximum value will be represented as red. There are two ways to specify the minimum and maximum numbers:

  • When this checkbox is selected, then the minimum and maximum numbers need to be specified manually.
    • Advantage: This is the most precise method.
    • Disadvantage: You need to know both values in advance.
  • When this checkbox is unselected, then the node will calculate automatically the minimum and maximum (based on the input matrix numbers).
    • Advantage: This is the simplest solution.
    • Disadvantage: The colors might be a bit incorrect. Indeed when the input matrix numbers don't contain the highest and lowest numbers, then the he colors will deviate a bit from the real situation.

Grid values

Specify which data (from the matrix of input values) need to be drawn on top of the heatmap.

  • None: no data will be drawn on top of the heatmap.

  • Values: the numeric values will be drawn (normal numbers of numeric values from the key/value pairs). These values will always be available, since otherwise the heatmap cannot be drawn at all.

    Numbers

    In the 'decimals' field, the number of decimal places can be specified. The number will be rounded to the nearest value.

  • Keys: the key values will be drawn. When no key/value pair is available for a certain grid cell, there will be no key shown in that specific grid cell.

    Keys

Legend

When 'values' is selected, a legend will be displayed horizontally below the heatmap. Moreover a 'Dimension' field will become visible, which allows to change how many numbers need to be displayed in the legend.

For example when the Legend nr. is6:

Legend

In the 'decimals' field, the number of decimal places can be specified. The number will be rounded to the nearest value.

Remark: the numbers will be displayed in the same colour that would be used to represent that number in the heatmap.

Background

Specify which data needs to be displayed behind the heatmap:

  • None: No data will be drawn, which means the background will be transparent.

  • Fixed color: The color (specified in the color picker field) will be drawn in the background.

  • Image: an image will be drawn as background image. That background image can be specified via msg.image. It is possible to send an input message only containing a background image, or a message that also contains a matrix (in the payload):

    Background flow

     [{"id":"68b11d7f.6d0304","type":"function","z":"5a89baed.89e9c4","name":"Generate football pattern","func":"// Generate some random data\n// See https://www.patrick-wied.at/static/heatmapjs/example-minimal-config.html\nmsg.payload = [];\n\nconst values = [4, 11, 18, 25, 32, 39, 46];\n\nvar index = context.get('value_index') || 0;\n\nif (index >= 8) {\n    index = 0;\n}\n\nfor (var i = 0; i < 49; i++) {\n    if ( i === values[index]) {\n        msg.payload.push(100);\n    }\n    else {\n        msg.payload.push(0);\n    }\n}\n\nindex += 1;\ncontext.set('value_index', index);\n\nreturn msg;","outputs":1,"noerr":0,"x":830,"y":2080,"wires":[["97f63078.7e2c3"]]},{"id":"c6664df3.f7f75","type":"inject","z":"5a89baed.89e9c4","name":"Show heatmap","topic":"","payload":"","payloadType":"date","repeat":"1","crontab":"","once":true,"onceDelay":0.1,"x":600,"y":2080,"wires":[["68b11d7f.6d0304"]]},{"id":"17380f74.c6d931","type":"inject","z":"5a89baed.89e9c4","name":"Show background","topic":"","payload":"","payloadType":"date","repeat":"","crontab":"","once":false,"onceDelay":0.1,"x":270,"y":2040,"wires":[["5c3b071b.6e1f58"]]},{"id":"5c3b071b.6e1f58","type":"http request","z":"5a89baed.89e9c4","name":"Download image","method":"GET","ret":"bin","paytoqs":false,"url":"http://www.soccer-training-methods.com/images/soccerfieldpic.jpg","tls":"","proxy":"","authType":"basic","x":490,"y":2040,"wires":[["724e99a2.88e2c8"]]},{"id":"fe88576b.186cc8","type":"change","z":"5a89baed.89e9c4","name":"","rules":[{"t":"move","p":"payload","pt":"msg","to":"image","tot":"msg"}],"action":"","property":"","from":"","to":"","reg":false,"x":870,"y":2040,"wires":[["97f63078.7e2c3"]]},{"id":"724e99a2.88e2c8","type":"base64","z":"5a89baed.89e9c4","name":"","action":"","property":"payload","x":680,"y":2040,"wires":[["fe88576b.186cc8"]]},{"id":"97f63078.7e2c3","type":"ui_heat_map","z":"5a89baed.89e9c4","group":"143de3c.3c1901c","order":0,"width":"6","height":"5","name":"","rows":"7","columns":"7","minMax":false,"minimumValue":0,"maximumValue":0,"backgroundType":"image","backgroundColor":"#ff80c0","radius":40,"opacity":"0","blur":0.85,"showValues":false,"gridType":"keys","valuesDecimals":0,"showLegend":false,"legendType":"none","legendDecimals":0,"legendCount":2,"x":1060,"y":2060,"wires":[]},{"id":"143de3c.3c1901c","type":"ui_group","z":"","name":"Heatmap","tab":"4e49ccae.5e3364","disp":true,"width":"6","collapse":false},{"id":"4e49ccae.5e3364","type":"ui_tab","z":"","name":"Heatmap","icon":"dashboard","disabled":false,"hidden":false}]
    

    The image will be stretched automatically to fit the heatmap widget, with following result:

    Background demo

    CAUTION: The opacity property should be 0 (or a value close to 0), otherwise the background image won't be clearly visible!

Radius

Each point in the input matrix will have a radius, to avoid a blocky map for low-resolution matrices.

In the next example, the radius is set to 5 which means the individual circles will become visible in this low-resolution (20x10) heatmap:

Radius

Opacity

The opacity of the heatmap defines the transparency of the colors, and will be a value between 0 and 1.

Blur

The higher the blur is, the smoother the color gradients will become. The blur will be a value between 0 and 1.

Step by step example

In the following example, we will generate a heatmap for a people counting system. This can be used e.g. to analyze which products are popular in a supermarket.

  1. Divide the room area in rows and colums, and count the persons in each cell of that grid. The people counting system itself is not in scope of this tutorial! The result would be something like this, in case of a 5 x 6 grid:

    Step by step 1

  2. This means the following grid will be calculated:

    Step by step 2

  3. Such a grid need to be injected into the heatmap node as an array:

    Step by step 3

  4. Configure the heatmap node as a 5 x 6 grid:

    Step by step 4

    Remark: in this example the assumption has been made that maximum 5 persons can be in a single cell area at the same time.

    1. And then the heatmap will visualize the grid that has been injected:

      Step by step 5

The flow of this example:

[{"id":"52c9564d.501378","type":"ui_heat_map","z":"5a89baed.89e9c4","group":"9b8440da.6819d","order":1,"width":"6","height":"5","name":"","rows":"5","columns":"6","minMax":true,"minimumValue":0,"maximumValue":"5","backgroundType":"color","backgroundColor":"#ffffff","radius":40,"opacity":0.6,"blur":0.85,"showValues":false,"gridType":"none","valuesDecimals":0,"showLegend":false,"legendType":"none","legendDecimals":0,"legendCount":2,"x":660,"y":2240,"wires":[]},{"id":"9be4f0a5.b7201","type":"inject","z":"5a89baed.89e9c4","name":"","topic":"","payload":"[ 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 3, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 3, 1, 0, 0, 2, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 2 ]","payloadType":"json","repeat":"","crontab":"","once":false,"onceDelay":0.1,"x":510,"y":2240,"wires":[["52c9564d.501378"]]},{"id":"9b8440da.6819d","type":"ui_group","z":"","name":"Heatmap","tab":"16f3293b.5f0f67","disp":true,"width":"6","collapse":false},{"id":"16f3293b.5f0f67","type":"ui_tab","z":"","name":"SomeGroup","icon":"dashboard","disabled":false,"hidden":false}]

Use cases

Heatmaps can be used for a whole range of purposes:

  • Thermal image of a building to detect heat losses:

    Radius

  • Based on face heatmaps, detect whether people are happy/angry/... :

    Radius

  • Analyse where users click most of the time on a website:

    Radius

  • Find out the behaviour of soccer players, by tracking their positions during the game:

    Radius

  • Others ...

Node Info

Version: 2.1.3
Updated 9 months ago
License: Apache-2.0
Rating: 5.0 3

Downloads

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Nodes

  • ui_heat_map

Keywords

  • node-red
  • heatmap
  • heat
  • map
  • temperature

Maintainers